How to End Poverty? A US-China Expert Dialogue / 如何终结贫困?来自中美专家的对话

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How to End Poverty? A US-China Expert Dialogue / 如何终结贫困?来自中美专家的对话

October 13, 2020
8:00 AM - 9:30 AM
Online (Zoom webinar)

Introduction

There has been remarkable progress in global poverty reduction. Since 1990, a quarter of the world’s population has risen out of extreme poverty. In 2015, 10 percent of the world’s population lived on less than $1.90 a day, down from nearly 36 percent in 1990. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impacts, it is likely that the poverty reduction progress will slow down or reverse in 2020. The World Bank estimates that 40 to 60 million people will fall into extreme poverty (under $1.90/day) in 2020. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the global extreme poverty rate could rise by 0.3 to 0.7 percentage points. It is evident that without intensified action and concerted global efforts, the goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030 will not be met.

It is also important to note the changing global poverty landscape. In the last three years, East Asia and the Pacific has continued its poverty reduction progress, mainly driven by decreases in poverty in China. In contrast, the Middle East and Africa have seen a sharp reversal in their poverty reduction trends. In Latin America, poverty reduction has largely stagnated. The United States is still suffering from the huge hit from the COVID-19 pandemic, with those in poverty hit hardest and becoming especially vulnerable. China aims to eliminate extreme poverty by the end of this year, but to eliminate relative poverty will be its long-term task. Fighting against different forms of poverty both at home and abroad will be shared challenges faced by China and the US.

Against this backdrop, we are honored to invite eight leading scholars from China and the United States to have a dialogue on how to end poverty in the changing global context.

Agenda

Time: 8:00-9:30pm (Beijing Time) / 8:00-9:30am (New York Time), Oct. 13, 2020

Platform: Zoom Webinar

Opening Remarks:

Xu Xiuli, Dean and Professor of College of International Development and Global Agriculture (CIDGA), China Agricultural University

Melissa Begg, Dean and Professor of Social Work & Biostatistics, Columbia University School of Social Work

Moderator: Qin Gao, Professor of Social Policy and Social Work, Director of China Center for Social Policy, Columbia University

Opening Keynote (10 minutes)

Li Xiaoyun, Lead Chair Professor, China Agricultural University (CAU), Honorary Dean of College of International Development and Global Agriculture, Chair of China International Development Research Network (CIDRN)

  - Poverty Reduction in China and the US: A Comparative Analysis

Panelists (8 minutes each)

Jane Waldfogel, Compton Foundation Centennial Professor for the Prevention of Children’s and Youth Problems, Columbia University

Measuring Poverty: Lessons from the US and UK

Li Shi, Distinguished Professor, Zhejiang University; Acting Director of China Institute for Income Distribution, Beijing Normal University

Poverty in China: Measurement and Trends

Ron Mincy, Maurice V. Russell Professor of Social Policy and Social Work Practice, Columbia University 

Playing 2nd Fiddle: Black Men and Poverty alleviation in America

Zhu Ling, Professor and Research Fellow, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

The Role of Social Insurance and Social Assistance in Poverty Alleviation in China

Gan Li, Clifford Taylor Jr. Professor of Economics, Texas A&M University and Southwestern University of Finance and Economics

Incentive-Compatible Poverty Reduction Experiments in China

Closing Keynote (10 minutes)

Jeffery Sachs, University Professor and Director, Center for Sustainable Development, Columbia University

Social Policies Addressing Poverty in the US, European Union, and China

Q & A (30 minutes)

 

 

背景

自1990年以来,在经济高速发展的驱动下,全球减贫事业取得了显著成就,四分之一的世界人口脱离了极端贫困。1990年,全球36%的人日均生活费低于1.90美元;到2015年,这个比例降至10%。然而,新冠病毒疫情及其造成的经济衰退可能会致使减贫进程在2020年放缓甚至发生逆转。据世界银行估计,受新冠病毒疫情影响,2020年会有4000至6000万人陷入极端贫困,全球极端贫困率可能会上升0.3至0.7个百分点。如果世界各国不加强合作携手共进,2030年消除极端贫困的目标将无法实现。

全球贫困状况在近年来表现出新的特征。过去三年,东亚和太平洋地区减贫成效持续加大,很大程度上归功于中国所取得的减贫成就。相比而言,中东和非洲的减贫趋势发生了急剧逆转,而在拉丁美洲,减贫工作基本停滞不前。由于新冠病毒疫情的沉重打击,美国贫困人口的生活状况也令人堪忧。中国将于今年底消除绝对贫困,但解决相对贫困问题将是中国面临的一项长期任务。在新的全球形势下,对抗国内外不同形式的贫困是中美两个大国面临的共同挑战。

在此背景下,我们很荣幸邀请到来自中美两国的八位知名学者,就如何在不断变化的全球背景下消除贫困展开对话。

日程安排

时间:

北京时间: 2020年10月13日,20:00-21:30

纽约时间: 2020年10月13日,8:00-9:30

平台:ZOOM网络会议

开幕致辞:

徐秀丽,国际发展与全球农业学院院长/教授

梅丽莎·伯格,哥伦比亚大学社会工作学院院长/教授

 

主持人:

高琴,哥伦比亚大学中国社会政策中心主任/教授

开幕主题演讲(10分钟)

李小云,中国农业大学文科讲席教授/中国国际发展研究网络主席/国际发展与全球农业学院名誉院长

中美减贫比较分析

嘉宾演讲(每人8分钟)

简·沃德弗格,哥伦比亚大学康普顿基金会百年讲席教授

测量贫困:来自美国和英国的经验

李实,浙江大学大学文科资深教授/北京师范大学中国收入分配研究院执行院长

中国贫困:测量与趋势

罗恩·敏西,哥伦比亚大学莫里斯·罗素讲席教授

- 拒做陪衬:美国反贫困进程中的非裔男性

朱玲,中国社会科学院经济研究所研究员,中国社会科学院学部委员

社会保险和社会救助在中国扶贫中的作用

甘犁,德克萨斯农工大学终身教授/西南财经大学教授

激励相容的中国减贫实验

闭幕主题演讲(10分钟)

杰弗瑞·萨克斯,哥伦比亚大学校级教授、可持续发展中心主任

- 美国、欧盟及中国解决贫困问题的社会政策

问答环节(30分钟)

 

Columbia Affiliations
China Center for Social Policy