Welfare Participation Reduced Severe Child Multidimensional Poverty in Rural China
November 29, 2021
In a new article published in the Child Indicators Research, Qin Gao, Fuhua Zhai, and Yi Wang examined the effects of participating in China’s primary social assistance program, Dibao, on severe child multidimensional poverty in rural China.
Using the China Household Income Project (CHIP) 2013 and 2018 data and a propensity score matching (PSM) method, the authors found that rural Dibao receipt in 2018 was associated with reductions in severe child multidimensional poverty, but the same effect was not detected in 2013. Their simulation analyses revealed even greater reductions in severe child multidimensional poverty associated with rural Dibao receipt in 2018 if accurate targeting could be achieved.
Based on these findings, the authors made several policy recommendations, including broadening rural Dibao’s population coverage and enhancing its targeting performance, adopting additional policies that specifically target children or families with children, and linking Dibao with these additional policies to meet the survival and developmental needs of children.